The Terrible Superstitious Traditions Imposed on Indian Women and The Effects of British Rule on their Lives.
Women of India in the ancient period were believed to have equal rights as men. They were educated and trained as men. They were married at a mature age and were free to choose their husband.
However, the condition of Indian women deteriorated in the medieval period. Their status declined with customs like Sati, child marriages, Jauhar, Dowry-Death and Devdasi. Women no longer enjoyed equal freedom as men. Some of these traditions are still followed in some villages of India (Also see Essay On India), which should be highlighted in an essay on women of India.
Sati is a tradition in which the widow is incinerated alive on her husband’s funeral pyre. Although, this act is sometimes voluntary on the widow’s part, many times it is forced on the widow.
Jauhar is a practice of sacrificing the lives of all the wives and daughters of defeated warriors. It is believed that this is done in order to avoid capture and harassment by the enemy.
Devdasi is a religious practice followed in southern parts of India. It is one of the most criticized forms of prostitution in India in which a young unmarried girl is “married to the temple”- “given away” in matrimony to God. She “serves” the priests and inmates of the temple, the Zamindars and other men of money and power in the town. People of their community believe that this “service” (or sexual satisfaction) is the “service of God”. The poor woman cannot escape this situation because the society refuses to accept her. Despite the ban laid by the government, hundreds of girls are surreptitiously dedicated to God every year.
Child marriages are still prevalent in some parts of India. Children are married at a very early age when they do not even know the meaning of marriage. In most of the situations Indian women suffer without any reasons. A newly married bride is burned alive if her parents do not fulfill the dowry demands of the groom’s family.
Indian people worship female deities in temples and in the outside world some of these people have no respect for women around them. In an Essay on Women of India these practices should be focused on and discussed in detail to enlighten the minds of Indian people to eradicate such destructive religious laws.
During their rule in India, the British banned many religious practices in which women’s and children’s lives were sacrificed. An Essay on Women of India should bring forth the effects of Britishers on an ordinary woman’s life in India. During the British Rule, many reformers such as Ram Mohan Roy, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Jyotirao Phule etc. fought for uplifting women’s rights. Some British women too helped in this struggle. Chandramukhi Basu, Kadambini Ganguly and Anandi Gopal Joshi were few of the earliest Indian women to obtain educational degrees. Not only this, but women played an important role in India’s independence struggle.
Post-Independence woman of India now participates in all activities such as education, politics, media, art and culture, service sectors, science and technology, etc. She enjoys all freedom as men do. The Constitution of India guarantees to all Indian women equality.
Although, some dark practices against the honor of Indian women still prevail in some parts of the country, such essays would certainly help in eliminating them from the roots and bring physical as well as spiritual liberation of women.
To get help on how to write an essay on “Mother”, see Mother Essay.