Essay On India: Indian History and Culture

History of India and its Culture can be a topic for an Essay on India, apart from its Topography, Demography and Economy

Essay on IndiaWriting an essay on such country like India is a difficult and intricate task. India, also known as Bharata (derived from the name of a legendary king) or Hindustan (as the “Land of the Hindus”) is a multicultural country. It has extraordinarily diverse population.

Firstly, an Essay on India should cover its unforgettable historical facts.

  • The earliest known settlements appeared around 9,000 years ago which developed into the Indus Valley Civilization. This was followed by the Vedic Period which actually resulted in the foundation of  Hinduism.
  • The Mughal Empire lasted in India from 1526 to 1858, which managed to bring considerable economic progress and religious harmony.
  • From the 16th century, European powers such as Portugal, Netherlands, France, and the United Kingdom established trading posts. Later, they took advantage of internal conflicts to establish colonies in the country.
  • In the 20th century, Mahatma Gandhi led millions of people in national campaigns of non-violent civil disobedience to obtain independence.

Culture of India is the other topic suitable for this type of essay

India has managed to preserve its own traditions while accepting new ideas, customs and traditions. It is a well-known fact that Indian people discriminate themselves in terms of castes. There is a huge variety of religions followed in India. Being precisely, around 80% of Indians are Hindus. A detailed discussion can be done on the other religious groups of India, like Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Jews, and Zoroastrians.

Along with the vast difference in religions, comes a variety of dresses worn in different parts of the country.  Most popular traditional Indian dresses include a draped garment called “sari” for women and “dhoti” or “lungi” for men. Stitched clothes, such as “salwar-kameez” for women and trousers and shirts for men, are also accepted all over India.

Other topics that come under Indian culture are:

  • Indian Festivals
  • Indian Dance and Music
  • Indian Literature and Monuments
  • Indian Film Industry

A detailed Essay on India should essentially cover the geographical, ecological and economical features of India.

Indian Topography: India is the seventh-largest country by geographical area. Peninsular India has a coastline of 7,517 kilometers and is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the South, the Arabian Sea on the West, and the Bay of Bengal on the East. It is bordered by Pakistan to the West; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the North; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the East.

Indian Demography: India is the world’s second most populous country in the world. Its current population in 2010 is around 1.15 billion people. By 2030, it is estimated that the population of India will be the largest in the world, around 1.53 billion.

Other topics that could be discussed here are:

  • Indian languages
  • India’s literacy rate
  • The male per female ratio
  • Population growth rate

Indian Economy: Indian economy has been one of the starts of worldwide economics in recent years. India has the world’s twelfth largest economy at market exchange. In spite of the fact that it still suffers in poverty, malnutrition and illiteracy, India has transformed into one of the fastest growing economies.

Other topics that can be disclosed in an Essay on India can cover Indian Government, Politics, Foreign relations, Military and various discoveries from India.

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